Lesson Planning


Lesson planning has a vast array of needed components to ensure success as an Adult Educator. I discovered valuable online articles and resources regarding how to create positive learning environments, characteristics of the adult learner, motivational techniques,  planning techniques and the involvement of Bloom’s Taxonomy. The below discussions will explain my reasoning for choosing these resources and how it will impact my role as an Adult Educator.

Creating a Positive Learning Environment:


As an instructor, it is important that I create an environment for my students that is comfortable and safe. By creating this environment, students have a higher learning potential and will be more inclined to participate and share their viewpoints.

I am currently taking the P.I.D.P. program with no previous teaching or instructing experience. I hope to be able to utilize this program to conduct training sessions for my current workplace and hopefully evolve further as a teacher and coach. This particular article was interesting to me, as it pertained relevant information to be used not only in corporate training sessions, but in any classroom. The biggest thing that I took away from the article is that there is a lot of small and yet simple things you can proactively do to positively enhance the learning environment. What is interesting is that a lot of these ideas do not involve a lot of time or resources, but can have a big impact. I will keep this article file for when I host my first training to see if there is ways I can create a positive learning environment.

Examining and Considering Characteristics of the Adult Learner:


This article went into a lot of detail of how to plan for a corporate training session. It went beyond the Characteristics of the Adult Learner, however, had a lot of useful information for me.

As the instructor, I need to ask myself questions about who I am teaching before I can draft up my lesson plan. In Adult Education, it is not a one size fits all model where by the content of my subject matter is going to work for every student.

This article was a good point of reference for me to determine, who is my target audience? what do I know about the students?, what are the needs of the students?, and how do the students learn best? These are all simple questions, but are vital in creating the learning objective and lesson plan.

Motivational Techniques:


As instructors, it is important that we understand motivation. Every student is going to have varying levels of motivation. How to we ensure that our material isn’t just another block of time and another assignment to complete.

This article was useful for me as it explained two areas in the classroom that link to lower motivation: Lack of relevance and Sense of Autonomy.

When you tie those two subjects back to lesson planning, it is evident to see that the learning objective needs to remain relevant and useful for the field. Rather than dictating and providing compressive matrix to students, it is important that we also allow for independence and creativity. There was also some great examples in the article of how to incorporate these into the classroom.

Planning Approaches, Tips, Techniques and Tools:




Before you can teach a class, there is a myriad of questions an instructor must ask themselves. Planning can potentially take time and resources, but if completed effectively, will make the role of the instructor easier. Creating a lesson plan is just one part of the planning.

This article was used above to showcase attributes of a positive learning environment. In fact, the article goes into a lot more detail and provides a checklist for pre-work for the instructor (prior to commencing the training), to the training itself, and then provides helpful insights on the post-assessment to improve for the next session. As I start to conduct corporate trainings, I will certainly utilize the information in these articles.

Bloom’s Taxonomy:


Having no formal “hands on” experience of a instructor in adult education, all of these new theories and processes are very intriguing, but can be a little daunting as well. I found a lot of research about Bloom’s Taxonomy, and how can be utilized to create learning objectives. I used this website for its simplicity in explaining the overall theory of Bloom’s Taxonomy and it allows me to understand the foundation to this theory. This article will be helpful in building my lesson plans by allowing me to incorporate Bloom’s Taxonomy into my lesson plans.


Eason, R. (n.d.). Blooms Taxonomy of Learning Domains: explained in simple words!. Evaluation Focus. Retrieved from: http://evaluationfocus.com/blooms-taxonomy-of-learning-domains/

Nagy, J. (n.d.). Section 2. Designing a Training Session. Community Tool Box. Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/structure/training-and-technical-assistance/design-training-session/main

Nagy, J. (n.d.). Section 3. Delivering a Training Session. Community Tool Box. Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/structure/training-and-technical-assistance/deliver-training-session/main

Robertson, K. (2013, October 21). Motivating Students with Teaching Techniques that Establish Relevance, Promote Autonomy. Faculty Focus. Retrieved from: http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/effective-teaching-strategies/motivating-students-with-teaching-techniques-that-establish-relevance-promote-autonomy/

Tulsiani, R. (2013, September 21). How to create a positive learning environment to maximize learning. Unleash the Edge. Retrieved from http://unleashtheedge.com/3/post/2013/09/how-to-create-a-positive-learning-environment-to-maximize-learning.html


Blended Learning Approaches-How are our roles as Instructors changing?

The second article that I located regarding “roles” and our topic of “Blended Learning” (link below) was interesting as it pertained to many different classroom settings (corporate training, classroom, online, blended)

The article discusses different mediums, including blended learning. The article had relevance for me as it stresses the importance of utilizing different media components into the classroom. It also discusses how choosing the correct media is very important, not only for student engagement, but for students to learn the lessons objectives.

Many of the mediums discussed in the article are not anything new or groundbreaking. It discusses utilizing strategies, assessment requirements and platforms such as small discussion groups,  case studies, hands on training, computer based training, e-learning, and blended learning. The article provides some key advantages and disadvantages to each of the different mediums and strategies.

I found this article interesting as it reminds us as instructors that gone are the days of just lecturing our students. We need to find new ways to portrait our objectives and to ensure all types of learners have the chance to be engaged in our material.


Training Today.  (August 12, 2013). The Most Effective Training Techniques. Retrieved from https://trainingtoday.blr.com/employee-training-resources/How-to-Choose-the-Most-Effective-Training-Techniques

Blended Learning Approaches in Adult Educaton-A Current Trend

The first article that I located regarding “trends” and our topic of “Blended Learning” (link below) was particularly interesting for me. Essentially, it evaluates the growing shift towards blended learning within corporate settings. It discusses how trainers are now needing to adapt their roles to this “new” methodology.

The article discusses how the implementation of more “online” training has benefits for the student, including convenience of completing the material at a time that works best for them. The benefits for the employer included time saving, cost saving, and minimizes employees time away from daily tasks. The article also discusses how having blended learning works well for compliance trainings, such as Health and Safety and other soft skills.

The article also dictates that this is a growing trend and that it is not necessarily a nice to know, but soon going to be evident in every workplace, so stresses the importance for employers to embark on this route and to do it soon.



Rice, K. (2013, August 21). Blended Learning or Classroom Training-Are Both Equally Effective?. Retrieved from http://ohsonline.com/articles/2013/08/21/blended-learning-or-classroom-training-are-both-equally-effective.aspx

New Trends in Adult Education in Hospitality

My field of work is within the Hospitality Industry. Currently, I work for a online travel agency called Booking.com. During my one year tenure with the company, I have attended many training sessions with the company. All of the trainings are geared towards development in my position of Account Manager.  A lot of the objectives taught in these courses are topics I am aware of, and some of these topics have been covered in previous trainings with other Hospitality companies I have been employed at in the last ten years. What makes the training so different?

Prior to Booking.com, I worked for several Hotel Chains in various management roles, including Holiday Inn, Kimpton Hotels, Coast Hotels, and Delta Hotels. When we completed trainings with these companies, the trainings were done primarily internally. The environment was safe as you often knew every other participant. The material was easy to comprehend as we were all from the same work culture.

Booking.com is very similar, however, the trainings are very different for one main reason: Multiculturalism. Booking.com is a global company. The company now has over 115 offices worldwide. Recently, I was sent to our Headquarters in Amsterdam, Netherlands for a training with the objective of how to become a better Account Manager. This was my first taste at the international aspect of our company, but was not the first time I had seen multiculturalism in our training environment. All of my other trainings up to this point, had been in North America, in areas such as San Francisco, Orlando, New York and Toronto. Even in those trainings, you really noticed how the instructors needed to adapt their delivery based off the different cultures.

Back in Amsterdam, I walked into a room and met a class with attendants from Italy, Brazil, France, Turkey, Germany, Philippines, Thailand, Tokyo, Australia, Austria, Portugal. Immediately, you began to understand that we were all in attendance to learn the same topics, but that due to the diverse cultures in the room, the instructors were going to need to adapt their instructional strategies. The first awareness was that English was not the primary language of over 80% of the class. The instructors had to find new ways to demonstrate new leanings. With this, they also created activities to ensure that participation was had by everyone. They also had an increased awareness of the cultural differences in the room and allowed for accommodation of the different cultural biases that may come up.

Allow an extreme example of multiculturalism, it is certainly something that can occur in a workplace or classroom setting. It is important that as instructors we are aware of multiculturalism and how it can impact not only the way we teach, but the way in which our students learn.

By taking the PIDP program, I am hoping to be able to either do corporate training with my current company or teach Hospitality. In both scenarios, multiculturalism is very much evident as Hospitality is a global industry and therefore, my future students can come from many diverse cultures. How to incorporate these and embrace these within a classroom setting is a growing trend in my industry.

Reflection on the Adult Educator Web Conference


Web conferencing via the medium Skype with my learning partner George was a refreshing approach to any group project work I had done in previous courses. Previous ways of communication in my past, whether it be email or telephone, provided many challenges. Emails were often too short and did not convey a proper tone, nor do they adequately express any emotion. I personally felt that with email, it was not efficient for time management, as you were often waiting for the respondent to respond or pose another thought. This creating a lot of back and fourth, and at some points, added confusion.
Communicating with George via Skype allowed for us to remain on topic and share our thoughts and opinions freely in real time. Utilizing Skype showed me another medium to use and reminded me how technology has changed, and for the better!

Through our Skype session, we were able to share our research on our topic of “Blended Learning.” We each were able to share and teach other about our findings about our topic. It prompted some interesting dialogue on the broadness of our topic as we shared some of our other findings regarding the topic and what the terminology can really mean. We both agreed that online learning is on the rise and is a leading trend, and as instructors, we need to adapt our instructional strategies and to implement new ways to engage our students.

One thing that really stuck out for me in this web conference was how the terminology “Blended Learning” can be looked at in a classroom environment, but also in a corporate setting. We discussed a little bit about my current role and how “Blended Learning” is an emerging trend. It was good to see that research is also showing a increase in the workplace as well.

Insights on the Roles of Adult Educators

My first blog post…wow, I am certainly impressed with myself!  Have you ever felt like the above picture? I know that I sometimes fear the ever evolving world of technology, which I am learning to be quite common. With the rapid increase in technology these days, it is very hard to keep current and up to date with technology. When you look at the last twenty years from the inception of the internet to current day times, there has been remarkable leaps taken. I recently was visiting my brother and his family. My nephew, aged three, immediately picked up my smartphone, navigated his way through my sea of apps, emails, and other widgets and found his way to where the games were. Absolutely remarkable. How does he know how to use this device? Where is he learning how to navigate such complex terrain? It begins to make you think about the ways our future generations will learn. How will this effect me as an Adult Education Instructor?

Growing up in an era where almost all of my learning was done in a classroom setting with face to face instruction by the teacher and little time with a computer until the high school days, I have to admit that the new way of “online learning” yet alone “blogging” has been a new experience for me. It is very evident that the ways in which people are learning is making a drastic shift and the role of technology is playing a large part in this.

Together with my learning partner, George, we picked a topic that we felt emulated this shift in technology. We chose the subject “Blending Learning Approaches” as it is changing the ways in which we learn, and therefore teach. Gone are the days of ongoing lectures, whereby our students are expected to sit and absorb the words being taught.

Through research, George was able to locate a definition that the both of us used as a guiding light to our research. George came across the UBC website “ http://etec.ctlt.ubc.ca/510wiki/Blended_Learning ” authored by Sheila Hancock and Tamara Wong (February 2011) that contains the definition in general of the Blended Learning.

Quote “Blended learning is learning that is facilitated by the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning which are applied in an interactively meaningful learning environment. As this is a general definition, we can abstract sub-definitions from it:

  • Blended learning courses combine online and classroom learning activities and resources in an optimal way to improve student learning outcomes and to address important institutional issues.
  • Blended learning is the organic integration of thoughtfully selected and complementary face to face and online approaches and technologies
  • Blended Learning is defined as a combination of traditional face-to-face learning and online learning.”

The expectation of our students will be that we use different mediums, and integrate interactive computer technology to change the learning experience to a more individualistic approach, which will ultimately lead to a change in our role where we will be less traditional teachers and more facilitators. I feel that this is appropriate in the Hospitality field, as the demographics of “students” is quite varied and everyone has not only their own learning style, but motivational triggers.

This role change to incorporate a blending learning environment has me scared and nervous, as it is a different approach that is still evolving. With that said, I am very excited to try new techniques in my role of an instructor or corporate trainer.